The Federal government has established the following definition of Gifted and Talented children:

    Gifted and talented children are those who by virtue of their outstanding abilities are capable of high performance.  These are children whose potentialities require differentiated education programs and/or services beyond those normally performance include those with demonstrated achievement or potential ability in any of the following areas, individually or in combination: general intellectual ability, specific academic aptitude, creative or productive thinking, leadership ability, visual and performing arts.

    Therefore, gifted and talented students are those for whom a traditional educational program is not always sufficient, requiring a different approach for meeting their educational needs.